Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Vitiligo is a disease also known as Leukoderma and is characterized by de-pigmentation of the skin epidermis. This condition affects at least one in every hundred people in the world. It affects both men and women equally as well as all races. Vitiligo could affect a person at any age although fifty percent of the affected people develop the condition when they are below the age of 25. When a person gets vitiligo, they have white patches on the skin in various parts of the body. This condition is more visible in people who have dark skin and it is associated with autoimmunity and inflammatory diseases, most common over expression or under expression. When vitiligo affects the areas that have hair, most of the time the color of the hair changes to white or gray. Vitiligo could be hereditary and run in families so children with parents suffering from vitiligo are more prone to the disease. Actually, 30% of the people who have vitiligo have a family member who suffered from it as well. In some of the cases, mild trauma to some area of the skin could cause new patches to appear on the skin. For instance, your ankles could get patches caused by the friction of your shoes. Stress that affects the immune system could also cause the condition, then lead the body to react and begin eliminating skin pigment.

Causes of vitiligo

  • Immune hypothesis
  • Neural hypothesis
  • Genetic hypothesis
  • Self-destruction hypothesis

Vitiligo symptoms

  • White patches on the skin (de-pigmentation)
  • Gray hair on the scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes
  • Change in color of the retina
  • Loss of color in the tissues located in the inside of the mouth

Vitligo treatment

One of the most practical choices for treatment is the PUVA treatment (8-methoxypsoralen, 5-methoxyppsoralen, trimethylpsoralen and UVA), especially in patients chose conditions have spread extensively. In patients where the vitligo is in small areas and in stable activity surgery is better.

Ayurvedic medications

Ayurveda is an ancient form of medication from India and uses a combination of natural herbs as well as remedies to control vitiligo. The approach of this medication to cure vitiligo, the target is usually the digestive tract. In this treatment, proper diets are recommended by experts and usually there are restrictions like eating salt. With such an approach, it makes it possible to get rid of all toxins from the body then purify it with heat therapy, purgation and oils. Blood is also removed from the body through a procedure called venipuncture then organic herbs and leeches are used on the affected areas of the skin for treatment. It might take a while for the results to be effective but it is well worth it and highly recommended.

Gingko Bibola is also a herb that is highly effective in cutting vitiligo and has shown re-pigmentation of the skin.

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